The raspberry pi is a surprisingly powerful and cost-efficient computing device. Yesterday I put together this simple setup script to turn your new raspberry into a mean green downloading machine. The only requirement is an existing internet router and a working raspberry with SD-card.
Update July 2013: Here is another image for headless installations, only 220 MB big.
The guys on the official raspberry site have some nice images for downloading, but since we won't be using the graphical UI, we can use a the slim image put together by darkbasic on his site linuxsystems.it. Just follow his instructions to download, extract and install the image to a compatible SD-card. A list of tested and compatible SD-cards is available from the official site.
While installing make sure to enable SSH-access by renaming the boot-enable-ssh.rc boot.rc
Once your raspberry has booted, you need to find out its IP by looking at the router's DHCP table. Just look for a device name raspberry-pi.
Next just create a new text file by typing vi setup.sh in your terminal window while logged into the RP. Then just copy the script provided with this blog post to your clipboard. Press "i" to go into editing mode and paste the script with Ctrl/Cmd+v. Then save it with ESC, : x. Execute the script by issuing sh setup.sh. As opposed to the default Debian image, the darkbasic image gives you root access by default. When using another image, execute the script with sudo sh setup.sh.